“we were out of step….temperamental misfits and innate barbarians…not equal to the job of coping with modern high-power civilization.” Marshall South, circa 1939

Marshall South, the "desert prophet". From www.californiahistorian.com

Marshall South, the “desert prophet”. From www.californiahistorian.com

Marshall South was a poet, an artist, a dreamer, a visionary, and a writer…and most likely completely nuts. But he did something unique which made its mark in history, takes us on a beautiful hike through the desert, and gives us a story to tell …and you know me, I love these kind of stories! The year was 1929 and the Depression had affected everyone. At the time Marshall South (a fictitious name…he was born Roy Bennett Richards) was a writer living in Oceanside, CA with his wife Tanya. Exactly what happened next is a bit of a mystery.

Ghost Mountain where the Marshall’s made their home

In 1930 the couple packed everything they owned into a Model T and moved into the desert. It was the beginning of an “experiment in primitive living” in a remote and completely isolated spot in the mountains at Blair Valley.  According to Marshall he wanted peace and solitude, and the ability to experience mental and physical freedom.

However it’s likely the Depression played a factor and he saw the opportunity to make an alternative income riding the coat-tails of popular “return to nature” movements of the time. Either way, a 17-year experiment had started. The South’s named their chosen spot Ghost Mountain and started construction of their adobe house, Yaquitepec….and popped out 3 children no less.

Do I look like I could live here? The old ruins of the Marshall South Homestead

View of the valley from the top

The living arrangements were totally out there. They chose a spot with no water, far from civilization in a crazy, brutal desert environment. Being out in the boonies they became nudists too (who wouldn’t?). The entire thing was like something out of a fictional novel and Marshall finally capitalized on the story in 1939 with a contract with Desert Magazine to publish a one-year series entitled “Desert Year” that would feature life at Yaquitepec, month by month. It was a huge success, so much so that it continued through 1946 (you can read them in this book). But here is where the story goes a little crazy, and become a little mysterious too.

Marshall heavily romanticized his experiences on the mountain. Through his writings he portrayed a utopic life in harmony with nature and completely embodied this image, becoming “the desert prophet”. Personally I think he was swept away and trapped by his own written creation, living a life quite different from his mind’s eye. In a surprise (to just about everyone) Tanya filed for divorce in 1947, took the kids and refused (ever again) to speak about her time on the mountain. Marshall died a year later (sickness? malnutrition? heart-break? who knows…)

Taking the dirt road to Ghost Mountain

Another view of the ruins

Both the mystery and the story live on. Today you can still see the old ruins of Yaquitepec in Anza Borrego State Park. A fine drive to Blair Valley (mile 22.9 on S2) and a few miles on a dirt road takes you to the base of Ghost Mountain. Then another mile of steep uphill hiking takes you to the old homestead.

Paul and I took the trip on an week-day morning bursting with winter sunshine. We were the only folks on the mountain and spent a good hour at the top, peeking around the old ruins and trying to imagine what a hard and crazy life it must have been. In many ways I can understand what they were doing here -> the need to find a link with nature, to experience peace, to depart from the norm, and in other ways I can’t understand it at all. But I do love the story…

View of Blair Valley from the top of Ghost Mountain

Remains of an alternative life in the desert

Dried yucca flowers

Sun-dial made by the Marshall’s

View from the trail

One of the water cisterns


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18 Responses to A Dream, A Mountain & A Desert Prophet – The Story of Marshall South

  1. Jim Sathe says:

    You find and write about the most interesting things. Great job.

  2. Fascinating story! Love history like this, thanks for sharing.

  3. MtnHam says:

    Glad you made it to Ghost Mountain and enjoyed the Marshall West story as much as I did.

  4. Al from The Bayfield Bunch says:

    I always look forward to my annual trek up Ghost Mountain to Marshal South’s homestead. A special place indeed. I prefer to go alone but did make the climb with a guide led group a few years ago & that was beneficial because the knowledgeable guide was able to point out where things were there. Especially the very spot in the rocks where Marshal South retreated to & wrote his articles. Also where they parked the car below. They also had a different way up & down the mountain. I did find his burial site in the town of Julian as well. Standing in the ruins of Yaquitepec a few days ago my mind was taken back to the book & the photo of their Christmas tree & presents. And of course, Marshal South’s descriptive narrative as well.

    • libertatemamo says:

      I ALWAYS enjoy your Bayfield Bunch posts on Anza Borrego, and especially your trip up Ghost Mountain. I can totally see how doing it w/ a guide would be fascinating and well-worth the time. Another item to add to our list!

  5. danshula says:

    Very interesting,love history and must visit this place-thanks for sharing.

    • libertatemamo says:

      I think you would love it! Summer is *very* hot, but early spring and late fall and winter are lovely times to visit.

  6. Hi Nina, We were introduced to Ghost Mountain by a video presentation at the Anza Borrego SP visitor center. It was very surreal how the images of M. South and family were super imposed onto the current scene showing exactly where they had been in their everyday life. Bob and I plan to visit the homestead before we leave the desert. BTW: treated to snow in the surrounding mountains this morning. What a view!

    • libertatemamo says:

      The video presentation must have been great!! Definitely recommend the trip to go see it in person. Well worth it!
      P.S. Snow must be soooo pretty on the mountains!

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